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ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY AND BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTIVITY OF COCONUT-BASED AGROFORESTRY MODELS IN SRI LANKA

Authors:

W. B. K. Peiris ,

COCOS, LK
About W. B. K.
HARDY Advanced Technical Institute, Inginiyagala Road, Ampara, Sri Lanka
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M. T. N. Fernando,

About M. T. N.
Coconut Research Institute, Lunuwila, Sri Lanka.
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H. M. G. S. B. Hitinayake,

LK
About H. M. G. S. B.
Dept. of Crop Science, Faculty ofAgriculture,
University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.
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K. B. Dassanayake,

LK
About K. B.
Coconut Research Institute, Lunuwila, Sri Lanka.
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H. A. J. Gunathilake,

LK
About H. A. J.
Coconut Research Institute, Lunuwila, Sri Lanka.
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S. D. J. N. Subasinghe

LK
About S. D. J. N.
Coconut Research Institute, Lunuwila, Sri Lanka.
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Abstract

This study evaluates the economic feasibility and biological productivity of coconut-based agroforestry models designed for coconut smallholders. Coconut Research Institute of Sri Lanka has developed and established twenty-six agroforestry models in farmers' fields. Of them, four models were selected for this study. They were: mixed farming for Wet Zone (model 1), mixed cropping for Wet Zone (model 2), mixed farming for Wet Intermediate Zone (model 3) and catch cropping in young replanted coconut for Wet Intermediate Zone (model 4), established at Gaspe, Hanchapola, Katuneriya and Thulawala, respectively. Input and output data for several years, for each model, were used in the evaluation. Annual Gross Margins (GM) payback period, Net Present Value (NPV) and Benefit-Cost Ratio (BCR) were employed for the economic analysis. Biological productivity of the models was. determined employing Land Equivalent Ratio (LER) and Relative Yield Total (RYT).

 

NPVs of agroforestry models were higher than the monocrop, suggesting
the higher net worth of the agroforestry models in the long run. Other
economic indicators also showed that agroforestry models were more
profitable than coconut monoculture. In all models, LER exceeded unity,
indicating the yield advantage with agroforestry over coconut monocultures.
However, RYT values indicated that there were negative interactions
between component crops of certain models, which can be attributed to the
competition that occurs between crops.

DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/cocos.v15i0.2187
How to Cite: Peiris, W.B.K. et al., (2010). ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY AND BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTIVITY OF COCONUT-BASED AGROFORESTRY MODELS IN SRI LANKA. COCOS. 15, pp.38–52. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/cocos.v15i0.2187
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Published on 12 Aug 2010.
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