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Approach to Screen Coconut Varieties for High Temperature Tolerance by in-vitro Pollen Germination

Authors:

C S Ranasinghe ,

Plant Physiology Division, Coconut Research Institute, Lunuwila, LK
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K P Waidyarathna,

Biometry Division, Coconut Research Institute, Lunuwila, LK
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A P C Pradeep,

Plant Physiology Division, Coconut Research Institute, Lunuwila, LK
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M S K Meneripitiya

University of Kelaniya, LK
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Abstract

Successful fruit set in coconut depends on several reproductive processes including pollen quality, pollen germination percentage (%PG) and pollen tube growth processes. Three preliminary experiments were conducted at the Coconut Research Institute, Lunuwila, Sri Lanka to quantify the response of in vitro pollen germination in coconut to time of incubation, the response of in vitro pollen germination and pollen tube growth to temperature and to determine the cardinal temperatures (Tmin, Topt, Tmax) of coconut varieties for in vitro pollen germination. Pollen was collected from palms of six cultivars / varieties expressing variable tolerance to abiotic stresses. Pollen germination and pollen tube length were recorded after incubation in artificial growth media at the respective treatments. For pollen collected during October / November periods, cultivars differed for in- vitro pollen germination percentage with a mean values of 23%. The mean cardinal temperatures (Tmin, Topt, Tmax) averaged over cultivars were 20.0 ºC, 28.0 ºC, and 38.8 ºC, respectively, for pollen germination. The information generated in this study will be tested in different seasons of the year for consistency and used to develop a heat tolerance index for coconut. This index will be used to identify coconut varieties suitable for high-temperature prone areas. In addition, the identified cardinal temperatures and response functions could be incorporated into process-based coconut models to increase prediction accuracy under current extreme and projected future climates.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/cocos.v19i1.4748

How to Cite: Ranasinghe, C.S. et al., (2012). Approach to Screen Coconut Varieties for High Temperature Tolerance by in-vitro Pollen Germination. COCOS. 19(1), pp.13–26. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/cocos.v19i1.4748
Published on 15 Oct 2012.
Peer Reviewed

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