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Varietal Classification of New Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) Forms Identified from Southern Sri Lanka

Authors:

G K Ekanayake,

Dhammissara National College, Nattandiya, LK
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S A C N Perera ,

Coconut Research Institute of Sri Lanka, LK
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P N Dassanayake,

University of Sri Jayawardenepura, LK
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J M D T Everard

Coconut Research Institute of Sri Lanka, LK
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Abstract

Coconut in Sri Lanka is currently classified into 15 different coconut forms grouped under three varieties, namely Typica, Nana and Aurantiaca. Several new coconut morphotypes that were not represented in the previous classifications were identified during a recent coconut germplasm exploration mission in the Southern Province of Sri Lanka. The visual morphological features of several new coconut morphotypes (Ran pol, Bothal thembili, Juwan, Murusi, Dothalu and Thatin) were characterized with the objective of including them in the taxonomic classification of coconut in Sri Lanka. Stature and breeding behaviour were the main features observed while stem morphology, root bole formation, crown size, nut morphology and bearing patterns, and other specific morphological features were recorded. The data provided morphological evidence to classify Ran pol, Juwan and Rath gon thembili as new forms of variety Typica; Green dwarf ‘Murusi’, Yellow dwarf ‘Murusi’ and Brown dwarf ‘Murusi’ as forms of variety Nana; and Bothal thembili as a new form of variety Aurantiaca. The morphotypes, Thatin and Dothalu were identified as forms of variety Typica but the sample size was too small for confirmation.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/cocos.v19i1.4749

How to Cite: Ekanayake, G.K. et al., (2012). Varietal Classification of New Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) Forms Identified from Southern Sri Lanka. COCOS. 19(1), pp.41–50. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/cocos.v19i1.4749
Published on 15 Oct 2012.
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